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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 176011 Find in a Library
Title: Victimization and Revictimization of Female Offenders: Prison Administrators Should Be Aware of Ways in Which Security Procedures Perpetuate Feelings of Powerlessness Among Incarcerated Women
Journal: Corrections Today  Volume:60  Issue:7  Dated:December 1998  Pages:106-112
Author(s): L Bill
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 7
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines how prison policies often contribute to the revictimization of incarcerated women by perpetuating feelings of powerlessness and vulnerability.
Abstract: Research suggests that childhood and adult victimization of girls and women frequently is a precursor to female criminality. These women also become more vulnerable to an array of psychological and behavioral problems involving drugs, alcohol, and post-trauma stress disorder. In addition, most prison operations include procedures that can cause vulnerable women to relive their abuse experiences and communicate to them a renewed sense of powerlessness. The article recommends several actions that help to recognize and deal with the interconnectedness of women's problems and needs: (1) changes in prison security procedures; (2) changes in the quality and attitudes of correctional staff; (3) more congenial and less institutional environments for community-based programs and prison programs; (4) programs that help women change their lives through skill-building and understanding; (5) "empowerment model" counseling sessions; and (6) alternatives to incarceration. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Correctional personnel attitudes; Correctional reform; Female crime patterns; Gender issues; Multiple victimization; Psychological victimization effects; Victimization; Victims of Crime
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