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NCJ Number: NCJ 176217     Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Courts, 1996
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Anne L. Stahl
Corporate Author: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 2
  Annotation: Juvenile courts in the United States processed an estimated 1.8 million delinquency cases in 1996, cases that involved juveniles charged with criminal law violations.
Abstract: Data from nearly 1,800 courts with jurisdiction over 67 percent of the U.S. juvenile population showed the number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased by 49 percent between 1987 and 1996. About 3 of every 4 delinquency cases in 1996 (77 percent) involved a male, slightly less than in 1987 (81 percent). Males accounted for 75 percent of person offense cases, 77 percent of both property offense cases and public order offense cases, and 86 percent of drug law violation cases in 1996. Between 1987 and 1996, the number of delinquency cases involving females increased by 76 percent, compared with a 42 percent increase for males. About 60 percent of delinquency cases in 1996 involved a juvenile under 16 years of age, compared with 56 percent in 1987. Juveniles under 16 years of age were responsible for 65 percent of person offense cases, 62 percent of property offense cases, 54 percent of public order offense cases, and 42 percent of drug law violation cases in 1996. Black juveniles were involved in 30 percent of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts, and white juveniles were involved in 66 percent of these cases. Juveniles were securely detained in 18 percent of delinquency cases processed. Detention was used in 23 percent of drug law violation cases, 23 percent of person offense cases, 21 percent of public order offense cases, and 14 percent of property offense cases. About 20 percent of delinquency cases were dismissed at intake, often because they were not legally sufficient. Another 24 percent were processed informally, and about 56 percent were processed formally. Juvenile court judges waived 10,000 delinquency cases to criminal court in 1996, 47 percent more than in 1987. Juveniles were adjudicated delinquent in more than half of the 983,100 cases brought before juvenile court judges in 1996. 1 table
Main Term(s): Juvenile offender statistics
Index Term(s): Female offenders ; Juvenile detention ; Black/African Americans ; Male offenders ; Caucasian/White Americans ; Drug offenders ; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) ; Juvenile court waiver ; Female juvenile delinquents ; Male juvenile delinquents ; Black/White Crime Comparisons ; Juvenile drug use ; Male female juvenile offender comparisons ; Black juvenile delinquents ; Minority juvenile offenders ; Juvenile delinquents ; Juvenile offenders
Publication Number: FS099109
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=176217

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