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NCJ Number: 177169 Find in a Library
Title: Do Right-to-Carry Laws Deter Violent Crime?
Journal: Journal of Legal Studies  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:January 1998  Pages:209-219
Author(s): D A Black; D S Nagin
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reanalyzes data from an earlier study which concluded that right-to-carry laws deter violent crime.
Abstract: John R. Lott and David B. Mustard concluded that right-to-carry laws deter violent crime. They argued that rational criminals move away from violent crimes and engage instead in property crimes such as burglary and larceny, in which there is less chance of confrontation with an armed victim. This article finds no basis for drawing confident conclusions about the impact of right-to-carry laws on violent crime, and documents that Lott and Mustard's results are highly sensitive to small changes in their model and sample. Without Florida in the sample, there is no detectable impact of right-to-carry laws on the rate of murder and rape, the two crimes that by Lott and Mustard's calculations account for 80 percent of the social benefit of right-to-carry laws. A more general model based on year-to-year differences yields no evidence of significant impact for any type of violent crime. As a result, inference based on the earlier model is inappropriate, and the results cannot be used responsibly to formulate public policy. Notes, tables, figure
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Citizen gun ownership; Crime prevention measures; Firearm-crime relationships; Firearms acts; Gun control legislation; Laws and Statutes; Policy; Violent crime statistics; Weapon carrying
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