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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 177518 Find in a Library
Title: Violent Behavior in Children and Youth: Preventive Intervention From a Psychiatric Perspective
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:38  Issue:3  Dated:March 1999  Pages:235-241
Corporate Author: Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry
New York, NY 10016
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A literature review focused on identifying biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors associated with violent behavior among children and youth in North America and to suggest roles for child and adolescent psychiatry in preventive intervention.
Abstract: Results revealed that children and youth are both victims and perpetrators of violence. Risk factors include socioeconomic status, difficult temperament, chronic illness, psychiatric comorbidity, and parental psychopathology. Access to firearms in a culture of violence present a particularly serious risk. Protective factors include intact family structures, prosocial peer groups, and supportive communities. Preventive interventions include universal interventions addressed to total population groups, selective interventions addressed to at-risk groups, and indicated interventions for children and youth who are developing violent behavior. Universal interventions, including gun control and improved perinatal care, are helpful. Selective interventions such as gun-free zones around schools may be useful, but only when embedded within well-funded, clinically based, and community-focused programs. Findings also indicated that single-emphasis programs such as shock incarceration programs have intuitive appeal, but their usefulness is doubtful. Findings indicated that violent behavior can be prevented and suggested that child and adolescent psychiatrists must be more active in community preventive interventions. Figure and 49 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile victims; Psychiatry; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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