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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 178941     Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of the D.C. Superior Court Drug Intervention Programs, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Adele Harrell ; Shannon Cavanagh ; John Roman
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2000
Page Count: 12
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This report presents findings from an evaluation of the impact of two District of Columbia Superior Court experimental interventions on drug-involved defendants in Washington, D.C.
Abstract: During the experiment, all drug felony defendants were randomly assigned to one of three dockets established to expedite the handling of drug cases. One drug-case docket intervened in the standard manner. Another docket intervened through a new comprehensive treatment program. The third offered an experimental program that mandated a graduated schedule of sanctions if the defendant failed compulsory drug tests. Researchers measured the impact of the programs on defendants' drug use, criminal activity, and social and economic functioning, using court records and self-report data from a survey of defendants. The study also examined program costs and estimated the value of benefits in the form of averted costs of victimization, arrest, prosecution, and incarceration. The evaluation found that sanctions program participants were significantly less likely than the standard docket sample to be arrested in the year following sentencing. Assignment to dockets offering the experimental programs significantly reduced defendants' drug use during pretrial release. The reductions in drug use were even greater when programs participants were compared to the standard docket. Sanctions program participants who attended Narcotics Anonymous/Alcoholics Anonymous during the program period had a significantly lower likelihood of heroin and/or cocaine use in the year after sentencing. Treatment program participants reported significantly fewer drug-related social problems than standard docket participants in the year after sentencing. The significant reductions in arrests among sanctions program participants resulted in a total net benefit of $713,570, which amounted to savings of approximately $2 for every $1 in program costs. 5 exhibits
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): Drug law offenses ; Drug offenders ; Corrections effectiveness ; District of Columbia
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-K011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.