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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 179065     Find in a Library
  Title: Predictors of Youth Violence
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): J. David Hawkins ; Todd I. Herrenkohl ; David P. Farrington ; Devon Brewer ; Richard F. Catalano ; Tracy W. Harachi ; Lynn Cothern
  Date Published: 04/2000
  Page Count: 12
  Series: OJJDP Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending Series
  Annotation: This Bulletin describes a number of risk and protective factors that produce or prevent youth violence.
  Abstract: In order to determine these factors, the quantitative results of a large number of relevant studies were synthesized using meta-analysis procedures. The 66 studies examined were drawn from Lipsey and Derzon's bibliography (1998) and supplemented by research reports provided by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Study Group members and analyses of the Seattle Social Development Project longitudinal data set. Predictors of youth violence are presented in five domains: individual, family, school, peer-related, and community and neighborhood factors. Individual factors include pregnancy and delivery complications; low resting heart rate; internalizing disorders; hyperactivity, concentration problems, restlessness, and risk-taking; aggressiveness; early initiation of violent behavior; involvement in other forms of antisocial behavior; and beliefs and attitudes favorable to deviant or antisocial behavior. Family factors encompass parental criminality, child maltreatment, poor family management practices, low levels of parental involvement, poor family bonding and family conflict, parental attitudes favorable to substance use and violence, and parent-child separation. School factors include academic failure, low bonding to school, truancy and dropping out of school, and frequent school transitions. Peer-related factors are delinquent siblings, delinquent peers, and gang membership. Community and neighborhood factors involve poverty, community disorganization, availability of drugs and firearms, neighborhood adults involved in crime, and exposure to violence and racial prejudice. 60 references
  Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Violence causes ; Violence prevention
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: OJJDP Bulletin, April 2000
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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