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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 179556     Find in a Library
  Title: Problem Solving in Practice: Implementing Community Policing in Chicago
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Wesley G. Skogan ; Susan M. Hartnett ; Jill DuBois ; Jennifer T. Comey ; Marianne Kaiser ; Justine H. Lovig
  Corporate Author: Northwestern University
Ctr for Urban Affairs & Policy Research
United States of America
  Date Published: 04/2000
  Page Count: 40
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: After summarizing the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS) and describing the problem solving roles of both citizens and police, this evaluation report identifies obstacles that affect both citizen involvement in and police commitment to the program and presents general strategies for implementing a problem solving approach based on the Chicago observations.
  Abstract: In Chicago's problem solving model for policing, a "problem" is defined as a group of related incidents or an ongoing situation that concerns a significant portion of those who live or work in a particular area. Although dealing with crime remains at the core of the police mission, it was envisioned from the beginning that the police mandate would coordinate responses to a broad range of community concerns, including social disorder, municipal service problems, and code enforcement matters previously handled by civil courts. To implement problem solving, police and neighborhood residents were trained to handle problems using a five-step process: identify problems and prioritize them; analyze information about offenders, victims, and crime location; design strategies that address the chronic character of priority problems; implement the strategies; and evaluate effectiveness. For the evaluation described in this report, study beats were selected to reflect the diversity of the city. To assess the capacity of these areas to help themselves through problem solving, residents were surveyed, neighborhood meetings were observed, and activists were interviewed. The study found that poor and internally divided beats experienced greater difficulty in translating their objectives into practice than did more affluent and racially homogeneous areas. The evaluation found that the factor most closely associated with successful program implementation was effective leadership, particularly the leadership of beat sergeants. Among the recommendations for enhancing program implementation is more training for beat officers. 3 figures and 3 suggested readings
  Main Term(s): Community policing
  Index Term(s): Community involvement ; Police community relations programs ; Problem-Oriented Policing ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Illinois
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0046; 95-IJ-CX-0056
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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