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NCJ Number: 184414 Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Exposure of Urban Youth to Violence
Series: NIJ Research Preview
Author(s): Mary Beth Selner-O'Hagan Ph.D.; Daniel J. Kindlon Ph.D.; Stephen L. Buka Sc.D.; Stephen W. Raudenbush Ed.D.; Felton J. Earls M.D.
Date Published: November 1996
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-K005
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reports on the results of a new method for assessing the exposure of urban youth to violence.
Abstract: This research effort was part of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, which is a long-range study of the determinants of antisocial behavior, delinquency and crime, and substance abuse. A new measurement tool covers multiple aspects of violence. It includes witnessing violence as well as experiencing violence, covers a range from less serious to more serious events, and also extends to sexual violence. It was used in a pilot test that consisted of interviews with 80 people who are part of the ongoing project. They were asked about their lifetime and recent (past year) exposure to 18 different violent events that they had either witnessed or personally experienced. The findings revealed a wide range of exposure to violence, from 88 percent who said they had seen someone hit during their lifetime to the 3 percent who had been sexually assaulted during the past year. Violent victimization in this sample of urban youth was also common, with 8 percent reporting that in the past year they were shot at, 15 percent saying they were attacked with a weapon, and 31 percent saying they were hit; one in seven (14 percent) had been sexually assaulted during his/her lifetime. Data are also reported on patterns of exposure to violence and neighborhood violence. The paper concludes with a discussion of the expanded use of the instrument.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Data collection devices; NIJ grant-related documents; Testing and measurement; Urban area studies; Urban criminality; Victims of violent crime; Violence
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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