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NCJ Number: NCJ 184507     Find in a Library
Title: Process Assessment of Correctional Treatment (PACT), Summary Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Matthew L. Hiller ; Kevin Knight ; Sandhya R. Rao ; D. Dwayne Simpson
Corporate Author: Texas Christian University
Institute of Behavioral Research
United States of America
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 31
  Annotation: Baseline and prospective during-treatment data were collected from a serial cohort of 429 felony probationers remanded to a 6-month modified therapeutic community in Texas in 1998 to assess the impact of drug treatment.
Abstract: Results demonstrated drug abuse was only one of many problems presented at treatment entry. Most probationers were clinically dependent on alcohol (56 percent) or cocaine (70 percent), were chronically unemployed (50 percent), and had a history of psychiatric problems. These problems included serious depression (47 percent), anxiety (42 percent), trouble controlling violent thoughts (26 percent), and suicide ideation (20 percent) or attempts (16 percent). Drug abuse treatment had a measurable impact on the psychosocial functioning of the probationers. Notable examples of significant improvements in measures of psychological well-being included increasingly positive feelings of self-esteem and self-confidence and reduced symptoms of depression. Of the 429 probationers, 69 percent remained in the therapeutic community the entire 6 months and successfully graduated. Dropping out of the program early was related to higher levels of pre-treatment deficits, such as unemployment, mental health issues, hostility, and more extensive criminal histories. Implications of the findings for correctional substance abuse programs are discussed. 81 references, 3 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Drug abuse ; Probationers ; Cocaine ; Drug treatment programs ; Mental disorders ; Psychological evaluation ; Psychological research ; Corrections effectiveness ; Alcohol abuse ; Offender mental health services ; Psychological influences on crime ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Texas
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-RT-VX-K004; 96-IJ-CX-0024
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Texas Christian University
Institute of Behavioral Research
TCU Campus
Fort Worth, TX 76129
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-184506 for the final report
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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