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NCJ Number: NCJ 184511   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Chicago Women's Health Risk Study: Risk of Serious Injury or Death in Intimate Violence: A Collaborative Research Project
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Carolyn R. Block
Corporate Author: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
United States of America
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 361
  Annotation: To help a broad array of practitioners identify women at greatest risk, the Chicago Women's Health Risk Study (CWHRS) explored factors indicating significant danger of death or life threatening injury in intimate violence situations.
Abstract: A collaboration of medical, public health, and criminal justice agencies and domestic violence advocates, the CWHRS compared longitudinal interviews with physically abused women sampled at hospitals and health centers with similar interviews with people who knew intimate partner homicide victims. The study was based on an analysis of lethal and non-lethal samples tracked through interviews over a profile year, plus a baseline comparison group of non-abused women. Retrospective profile years for the lethal sample, 87 people killed by an intimate partner in 1995 or 1996 in Chicago, were obtained by interviews with a knowledgeable relative or friend. The 497 physically abused women were sampled from populations of hospital health clinics who were interviewed about a retrospective profile year and were then tracked by prospective interviews over a year. The 208 comparison women, not physically abused in the past year, were sampled from the same settings. Findings indicated that leaving or trying to end a relationship placed women in a position in which the potential for increased safety was high but the potential for extreme risk was also high. The relationship between leaving or attempting to end the situation and the timing of violence differed for women at different points in the abuse process. Women who experienced severe violence in the past year and who were making active efforts to obtain formal interventions to stop the violence were at higher risk for continued severe violence. A significant risk factor for continuing violence was the length of time since the last incident. Almost all women who experienced severe violence in the past year had sought help from at least one type of resource. Detailed findings are presented with respect to characteristics of fatal incidents, weapons, and the availability of medical help. Appendixes contain information on agencies involved in the CWHRS, study forms, and interview procedures. References, endnotes, and tables
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Urban area studies ; Comparative analysis ; Domestic assault ; Longitudinal studies ; Abusing spouses ; Abused women ; Urban criminality ; Criminal justice research ; Homicide victims ; Victims of violence ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Illinois
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0020
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
300 West Adams Street
Suite 200
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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