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NCJ Number: 184937 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of Communications Effectiveness for First Responders During TOPOFF 2000
Author(s): A. G. Arnold; G. R. DiPietro; T. L. Mucha; C. W. Schaffer; A. M. Sadowski; R. S. Sigamoney; C. H. Sinex; W. F. Smith
Date Published: August 2000
Page Count: 78
Sponsoring Agency: Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD 21218
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2000-LT-BX-K001
Publication Number: JWR-00-016
Sale Source: Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Exercise Top Officials (TOPOFF) 2000 was designed to assess the crisis and consequence management capability of the United States by presenting a challenging series of geographically dispersed terrorist threats and acts to Federal, State, and local agencies.
Abstract: TOPOFF was a congressionally mandated, "no notice" national exercise that was conducted in May 2000. Live exercise play was conducted in two host cities (Denver, Colorado, and Portsmouth, New Hampshire). Each city was presented with a mock terrorism event involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) to test the response of agencies at the State and local levels. A technology assessment was conducted of the First Responder communications equipment used during TOPOFF. This assessment focused on exercise operations in Portsmouth. Because the WMD used in Portsmouth was a chemical weapon dispersed via an exploding vehicle, this venue provided the greatest level of operational stress for the First Responder communications equipment. The analysis methodology was based on a three-level hierarchy of measures to assess communications effectiveness--critical operational issues, measures of effectiveness, and measures of performance. Both fire and police departments felt a command post/communications vehicle, cellular phones, and laptop computers with reach-back capability were needed for a chemical terrorist event. Shortage of radio frequencies was cited by most respondents as a problem, and several suggested radio trunking as a possible solution. Deficiencies were also noted with respect to situation awareness, interoperability, and interagency communications. Analysis findings are tabulated in an appendix. Tables and figures
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Colorado; Computer aided operations; Counter-terrorism tactics; Emergency procedures; Fire departments; New Hampshire; NIJ grant-related documents; Police emergency procedures; Police telecommunications systems; Terrorist tactics; Terrorist weapons
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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