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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 184952     Find in a Library
Title: Explaining Police Activities Across Urban Neighborhoods: Graduate Research Fellowship Program, Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Brad W. Smith Ph.D. ; James Frank Ph.D.
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 13
  Annotation: This study examines the activities of both community oriented and traditional beat officers across neighborhoods within a single city.
Abstract: The study examines the factors which influence officers' activities during their typical work day in Cincinnati, Ohio. It attempts to determine whether officer activities vary across neighborhoods and assesses whether variation is unique to community policing or is also a characteristic of traditional policing. In addition, it assesses the extent to which various characteristics of neighborhoods and officers influence the activities of both traditional and community police officers. The study used systematic social observations, surveys of police officers, land use data, census data, and crime data. The study found that: (1) officers spent almost no time on foot patrol; (2) motorized patrol consumed approximately 26 percent of officers' days; (3) officers spent approximately 16 percent of their time on crime-related activities; (4) crime-related activities and patrol together consumed 43 percent of officers' days; (5) traffic enforcement, order maintenance, and service activities occupied 5 percent or less of officers' days; (6) officers spent about 8 percent of their day on nontraditional police activities such as ordinance enforcement, community-based service, problem-focused tasks, information gathering and meetings with other service providers; and (7) officers spent about 19 percent of their time on general administrative duties such as roll call and shift preparation, 10 percent en route to locations and waiting for the arrival of other police and 10 percent on personal time (e.g., meals, personal errands). Notes, references
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): Police manpower deployment ; Police responsibilities ; Police community relations ; Data collection ; Police-citizen interactions ; Police department surveys ; Police research ; Community policing ; Problem-Oriented Policing
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 99-IJ-CX-0017
Publication Number: 8-7376-OH-IJ
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.