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NCJ Number: NCJ 185550     Find in a Library
Title: Predicting Criminal Behavior Among Authorized Purchasers of Handguns
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Garen Wintemute M.D.
Date Published: 04/1998
Page Count: 4
  Series: NIJ Research in Progress Seminars
  Annotation: Using data from the State of California's automated handgun purchase files, the researchers designed a longitudinal study of persons 50 years of age and younger who legally purchased a handgun in California in 1977 to predict how much more likely individuals with a criminal history were to commit a crime than individuals without a criminal history.
Abstract: The researchers accessed criminal history records for the 1977-1991 period to compare the criminal activities of two groups, 6,800 who had a criminal history at the time of the handgun purchase and 2,800 who did not have a criminal history. Results showed, within 1 year of the handgun purchase, 13 percent of the criminal history group had been arrested for a new offense, compared to less than 2 percent of the group with no criminal history. By 15 years after the handgun purchase, almost 38 percent of the criminal history group had been arrested for a new offense, compared to less than 10 percent of the group with no criminal history. The relative risk of a new offense associated with a criminal history did not decrease with age. On the other hand, younger individuals committed new offenses at a rate approximately twice that of older individuals. Further, relative risk did not differ significantly by gender, but some variations were noted among races. The number of prior offenses seemed to be a significant factor in determining relative risk. The relevance of the findings to current efforts to reduce gun violence in the United States are discussed.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Gun Control ; Weapons Violations/Offenses ; Recidivists ; Criminal histories ; Crime prediction ; Handguns ; Criminality prediction ; Age group comparisons ; Longitudinal studies ; Criminal justice research ; Recidivism prediction ; Firearm-crime relationships ; Violence prevention ; California ; United States of America
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
United States of America
Grant Number: R49/CCR903549
Publication Number: FS000198
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-165585 for 60 minute VHS videotape of the same title.
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