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NCJ Number: NCJ 187083   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: New Structure of Policing: Description, Conceptualization, and Research Agenda
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): David H. Bayley ; Clifford D. Shearing
Date Published: 07/2001
Page Count: 54
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This report describes the forms that the restructuring of policing is taking in the modern world, the reasons for the restructuring, and the issues that it raises for governance, especially with respect to the issues of justice, equality of protection, and quality of service.
Abstract: Information for the report came mainly from democratic countries, both developed and developing. A major finding was that policing was being reconstructed worldwide. Its distinguishing features are the separation of those who authorize policing from those who do it and the transference of both functions away from government. Privatization is an inaccurate description of the change; multilateralization is a more appropriate description. The five auspices under which policing is currently authorized include economic interests, both legal and illegal; residential communities; cultural communities; individuals; and governments. Commercial companies, nongovernmental authorizers of policing, individuals, and governments provide policing. Many nongovernmental providers now perform the same tasks as the public police. Governmental providers tend to prevent crime through punishing; nongovernmental providers do so through exclusion and the regulation of access. The role of public police may be changing significantly in response to the restructuring of policing. Among explanations for the current restructuring of policing are the shortcomings of the public police, increases in crime, and the nature of economic systems. These and other explanations are largely hypotheses; little empirical research has tested them. The analysis concludes that it is important for governments to continue to safeguard justice, equity, and quality of service in the current restructuring of policing and that factors inside and outside contemporary nation-states are challenging policing. 142 references
Main Term(s): Police reform
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Police responsibilities ; Private police ; Security ; Police management ; Police-private police cooperation ; US/foreign comparisons ; History of policing ; Future of policing ; Public/private police comparisons
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-IJ-CX-0017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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