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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 187771     Find in a Library
  Title: Valuation of Specific Crime Rates: Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): William Alan Bartley
  Date Published: 05/2000
  Page Count: 9
  Annotation: An analysis of the explicit costs of crime to society combined two analytic techniques to obtain a market-based estimate of costs for specific crimes.
  Abstract: The first technique used hedonic models that isolate values individuals place on specific amenities and disamenities. The second technique combined the actual out-of-pocket expenses associated with crime with the imputed costs from the pain, suffering, and fear endured by crime victims. The research used nationwide census information on specific crimes committed at the county level over multiple decades. The analysis also studied the effects of crime rates on specific groups of people differentiated by income. In addition, the research expanded the hedonic technique to estimate the value of reducing specific crimes. Results revealed that the effects of crimes varied between the regressions used. The costs of increasing crime rates for the marginal household by 10 percent from their means ranged from $4 to $42 for rape, $51 to $93 for robbery, and $29 to $296 for larceny. Results also indicated that the average rape costs a household from $6,875 to $72,192 in 1980-90 dollars, the average robbery costs $2,239 to $4,094, and a larceny costs $8 to $89. Further research should focus on migration into and out of specific urban areas.
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Research methods ; Crime costs
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 99-IJ-CX-0006
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=187771

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