skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 188510     Find in a Library
  Title: Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses: A Summary Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Malcolm W. Klein ; Cheryl L. Maxson
  Corporate Author: University of Southern California
Social Science Research Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 04/1996
  Page Count: 16
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study provides data on how street gang crime patterns relate to common patterns of street gang structure.
  Abstract: This is a summary of a study that sought to provide focused, databased guidelines for gang intervention and control. It also attempted to estimate the national prevalence of various types of gang structures and of the perceived patterns of associated criminal activity. In addition, it attempted to construct crime profiles--both amount and pattern--for each of the most common gang structures. Data sources included law enforcement gang experts in 59 cities and information from 110 candidate cities regarding capacities to furnish crime data linked to different types of gangs. The study presented the following conclusions: (1) if the nation was to base gang control policies on police-recorded gang data, a major effort will be needed to assist law enforcement in accurately reflecting the nature of gang arrests; (2) policies already in place, both locally and nationally, to the extent that they were based on officially reported gang crime patterns, and were also based on inadequately collected and reported information; and (3) accurate gang crime depictions should, in most cities, start with ethnographic procedures. The study cautioned the users of the data that the gang typology which emerged was time-limited and may have captured a brief movement in a period of major gang evolutionary change. Figures
  Main Term(s): Police
  Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Arrest statistics ; Crime Statistics ; Estimated crime incidence ; Crime patterns ; Gangs ; Gang involvement in organized crime ; Gang violence ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0044
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: For the complete final report, see NCJ-188511.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.