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NCJ Number: NCJ 191198     Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Alcohol Control Policies on the Incidence of Violent Crime: Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Bruce L. Benson ; David W. Rasmussen ; Paul R. Zimmerman
Corporate Author: Florida State University
Dept of Economics
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 13
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study examined the impacts of alcohol policies on alcohol consumption and violent crime.
Abstract: The analysis developed formal theoretical models of alcohol consumption and the incidence of criminal activity on the rational offender framework characteristic of the literature on the economics of crime. The analysis used State data for 1985-94 to estimate four models of per-capita alcohol consumption. The analyses used separate consumption equations for beer, liquor, wine, and total alcohol consumption as proxied by alcohol shipments to the State. The analyses gave particular attention to the effects of the most widely advocated alcohol control policies: excise taxes and minimum legal drinking ages. The analysis also considered the potential effects of laws regarding driving under the influence. Results revealed that the widely advocated prescription of using excise taxes as a means of mitigating the myriad adverse outcomes associated with alcohol consumption might be somewhat premature. The analysis next empirically examined the determinants of violent crime rates while controlling for deterrence factors, economic opportunities, socioeconomic and demographic factors, and alcohol consumption. Results of the regression models indicated that consumption of some types of alcoholic beverages might be an important determinant of participation in or victimization in some violent crimes and that the relationship varied across crime types. The analysis concluded that aggregating crime types or alcohol types or drawing policy conclusions from reduced-form models was inappropriate. Results also indicated that any alcohol-violence relationship was complicated and involved the circumstances, the individual characteristics, or both. Therefore, extreme caution was needed in trying to make policy-specific recommendations from studies that did not control for the complex web of factors that might influence the potential alcohol-violence relationship.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Liquor law violations ; Alcohol-Related Offenses ; Alcohol-crime relationship ; Legal drinking age ; Legislative impact ; Violence causes ; Tax effects on crime ; Violence prevention ; Drug Policy
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 1999-IJ-CX-0041
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the Final Report see NCJ-191199
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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