skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 192010   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Psychological and Behavioral Effects of Bias and Non-Bias Motivated Assault, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Luis Garcia Ph.D. ; Jack McDevitt ; Joann Gu Ph.D. ; Jennifer Balboni
Corporate Author: Boston, City of
United States of America
Date Published: 12/1999
Page Count: 193
  Annotation: This study was designed to determine whether measurable differences existed in the psychological and behavioral sequelae of victims who had experienced an aggravated assault differentiated by the offender's motive (i.e., bias or non-bias); this was done to assist in developing more informed law and policy regarding the more severe effects that a particular type of criminal offense may have on its victims.
Abstract: The research obtained data from police department criminal incident reports, probation records, and victim surveys. Records were collected and analyzed for victims of aggravated assaults in Boston during 1992-97. The sample of 560 bias-motivated assault victims and 544 non-bias assault victims yielded 136 valid surveys. Sixteen psychological and 12 behavioral indicators were examined while controlling for the effects of 7 independent aspects between the two victim groups, i.e., bias versus non-bias motivated offenses, socioeconomic factors, medical treatment, family support, quality of police response, other victimization experiences, and prior arrests. The results show that victims of bias-motivated aggravated assault experienced some types of psychological stress for more prolonged periods and with more severity than non-bias victims (e.g., excessive involuntary recalls, depression, and nervousness). Regression analysis detected a significant difference in the psychological effects of victimization based on the offender's motive. Other determining factors in the level of psychological after-effects were the location of the incident and the level of satisfaction with police services. There were, however, no distinctive differences in the avoidance/preventive behaviors of bias-motivated and non-bias-motivated assault victims. Similar research should be conducted in other jurisdictions to determine whether these factors vary across regions or according to other victimization conditions. 33 tables, 82 references, and appended study instruments
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Psychological victimization effects ; Victim reactions to crime ; Bias related violence ; Hate Crimes ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 97-IJ-CX-0011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.