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NCJ Number: NCJ 193800     Find in a Library
Title: Robbers on Robbery: Prevention and the Offender
Series: NIJ Research Report
Author(s): Richard Wright ; Scott H. Decker
Corporate Author: University of Missouri, St Louis
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0030
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report summarizes the methodology and findings of a field-based study of 86 active robbers, with the objective of determining the ways in which robberies are actually contemplated and committed in real-life settings and circumstances.
Abstract: Subjects were recruited through the efforts of an ex-offender and a currently active armed robber. Seventy-one percent of the sample reported they had committed more than 10 robberies, and 36 percent admitted to doing 50 or more robberies. A total of 85 percent indicated they typically committed street robberies, with 12 percent reporting they usually committed commercial robberies. The robbers' offenses were broken down into a series of distinct steps: motivation, target selection, and confrontation. The motive for robbery was found to be a pressing need for cash, albeit not for the necessities of survival but mostly for the pursuit of illicit street action such as drinking, drug use, and gambling. The majority of the robbers were chronically poor and went from one financial crisis to the next. The appeal of robbery was the obtainment of quick cash. The availability of hiding places and access for escape were paramount in the selection of targets. In order to ensure that selected victims had plenty of cash, many of the robbers targeted persons whom they knew to be involved in lucrative illegal pursuits, such as drug dealers, customers of prostitutes, and illicit gamblers. Also, such victims were unlikely to report the robbery to the police. Other robbers targeted individuals in areas of check-cashing, ATM's, and entertainment districts. Outward signs of wealth were important in selecting such targets. Most of the robbers approached their victims from behind and quickly pulled their gun. Few indicated a desire to harm their victims, but most were willing to do so to induce cooperation. The announcement of the robbery tended to be brief, forceful, and purposeful, so as to frighten the victim into immediate compliance under the threat of impending death. Given these findings, suggestions are offered for countering and preventing street robberies, such as crime prevention education for potential targets and efforts to promote economic transactions that do not involve cash. 12 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Robbery ; Motivation ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Criminal methods ; Armed robbery ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=193800

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