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NCJ Number: NCJ 196682   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of the TCU Drug Screen
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Kevin Knight ; D. Dwayne Simpson ; Janis T. Morey
Corporate Author: Texas Christian University
Institute of Behavioral Research
United States of America
Date Published: 07/2002
Page Count: 75
  Annotation: This study examined the psychometric properties and validity of the Texas Christian University Drug Screen (TCU Drug Screen), an experimental instrument that is in the early stages of implementation in several large correctional settings across the United States.
Abstract: The original TCU Drug Screen was developed at the Institute of Behavioral Research at TCU and has shown promise in meeting the substance abuse diagnostic needs of large correctional systems. It has been used since 1993. Revised twice since its earlier version (called the Brief Background Assessment), the current TCU Drug Screen includes 19 items that represent key clinical and diagnostic criteria for substance "dependence" as they appear in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. These criteria were adapted for use within criminal justice settings by rewording "clinical" language to be more appropriate for individuals with eighth-grade reading levels and by using a format that promotes reliable self-administration. For the current study, analyses of the instrument data were based on a cohort of 18,364 Texas Department of Criminal Justice inmates (15,816 males and 2,548 females) who completed the screen between January 1 and April 30, 1999. Although designed to be administered in a group or individual setting, the TCU Drug Screen was administered successfully by staff almost exclusively in a small group setting (12-25 inmates per group) across several facilities. The TCU Drug Screen was also found to have good psychometric properties, and normative responses for the overall sample and subgroups were documented. Based on feedback from interviewers and inmates, as well as the results of the analyses of the screen's psychometric properties, a revised screen, called the TCU Drug Screen II, was developed. 5 figures, 28 references, and appended TCU Drug Screen and TCU Drug Screen II
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Drug abuse ; Treatment offender matching ; Diagnostic and reception processing ; Instrument validation ; NIJ final report ; Texas
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 99-MU-MU-K008
Sale Source: Texas Christian University
Institute of Behavioral Research
TCU Campus
Fort Worth, TX 76129
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Test/Measurement
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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