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NCJ Number: 197049 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Understanding the Role of Neighborhood in the Long-Term Criminal Consequences of Childhood Maltreatment
Author(s): Amie M. Schuck
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 184
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0031
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Dissertation/Thesis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This dissertation questioned whether early childhood abuse combined with negative neighborhood structural characteristics is associated with an increased risk of developing antisocial behavior.
Abstract: The two main goals of this research were to examine the effect of neighborhood structural characteristics on the long-term criminality of maltreated children and to examine whether neighborhood social mobility influenced the long-term criminality of maltreated children. The author hypothesized that, first, victims of early child maltreatment living in neighborhoods with negative structural characteristics would be more likely to develop criminal and violent behavior. The author defines negative structural characteristics as residential instability, ethnic heterogeneity, and low concentrated advantage. The second hypothesis was that neighborhood social mobility was a potential link between neighborhood factors and individual outcomes. Data were drawn from a database containing information about the consequences of child abuse and neglect. A total of 908 cases of child abuse and neglect are contained within the database for one Midwestern metropolitan area for the years 1967 through 1971. This data on child maltreatment were linked with area data from the 1970 and 1990 censuses. The findings support the hypothesis that aspects of neighborhood context are associated with later criminal offending. More specifically, high levels of concentrated disadvantage increases the risk of both criminal and violent offending. Furthermore, the results provide support for the fact that residential stability exacerbates the criminal and violent tendencies for maltreated children. Also, the findings show that neighborhood concentrated disadvantage exacerbates the development of criminal patterns associated with early childhood maltreatment. In conclusion, the author cautions that generalizations may not be easily made from this data, which represents official records and therefore, the most extreme cases of child maltreatment. References, appendices, tables
Main Term(s): Child abuse; Criminality prediction
Index Term(s): Child abuse as crime factor; Demographic analysis of crime; High crime areas; Violent crimes; Violent offenders
Note: Dissertation submitted to the University at Albany, State University of New York for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
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