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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 197073   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Trends in Substance Abuse and Treatment Needs Among Inmates, Final Reports
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Corporate Author: Hartley and Marks Publishers Inc
United States of America
  Date Published: 08/2002
  Page Count: 271
  Annotation: This document presents an analysis of the substance use patterns of inmates and the relationship between substance abuse and the growth in the inmate population.
  Abstract: Data were used from the most recent national surveys of prison and jail inmates sponsored by the U. S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics. Between 1980 and 2000, the total number of inmates in the United States nearly quadrupled, numbering from 501,886 to 2,071,686. The State prison population increased by 318 percent, the Federal prison population by 512 percent, and the number of local jail inmates by 241 percent. Substance use and abuse and involvement with drug crime are endemic among inmates. Nearly 1.7 million of the 2 million adult Americans in prison or jail are seriously involved with drugs or alcohol. The connections between the use of illegal drugs and the abuse of alcohol and crime have been well documented. A substantial proportion of inmates incarcerated for violent crimes are substance-involved. The majority of inmates serving time for property offenses are involved with drugs and alcohol. Prison and jail inmates have a substantially higher prevalence of drug use than the general population. Inmates also have substantially higher rates of drinking than the general adult population. Inmates were classified according to substance involvement and drug use severity. Results show that alcohol-involved offenders are older than the general inmate population; and substance-using inmates are less likely to have finished high school, and more likely to have acquired income through illegal activity in the month prior to their incarceration. Regular drug users are most likely to have received income from public assistance, and less likely to have been raised by both parents. Many inmates have young children. Inmates with substance involvement are more likely to report a history of their own parent’s abuse of alcohol and drugs. Intergenerational cycles of criminal involvement are also common among inmates with drug or alcohol involvement. Recidivism, treatment participation, women inmates, and HIV/AIDS in prisons and jails are also discussed. References, notes, 5 appendixes
  Main Term(s): Inmate statistics ; Drug abuse in correctional facilities
  Index Term(s): Inmate health ; Inmate drug treatment ; Correctional facility surveys ; Inmate characteristics ; AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities ; Corrections trends
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0019
  Sale Source: Hartley and Marks Publishers Inc
P.O. Box 147
Point Roberts, WA 98281
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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