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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 197634   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Final Report: Predictive Models for Law Enforcement
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Donald E. Brown
  Corporate Author: University of Virginia
Dept of Systems and Information Engineering
United States of America
  Date Published: 2002
  Page Count: 133
  Annotation: This document presents study results on predictive methods that enable law enforcement agencies to proactively address criminal activity.
  Abstract: Research objectives included devising predictive models that specifically addressed the needs of law enforcement; evaluating the effectiveness of the prediction models; and disseminating the most promising models for use by law enforcement agencies. This research is organized into three papers. The first paper provides the theoretical foundation for the new approach to crime event prediction, built out of results in space-time point processes. The fundamentals are reviewed and theoretical details are given. The second paper provides applications of the approach to a crime prediction problem in Richmond, Virginia. Breaking and entering events were examined and data were used from 1 week to predict both the next week and the next 2 weeks. Predictions were compared to those provided by several density estimation approaches. The use of feature data out-performed these estimates, suggesting the use of these data can improve the prediction of criminal events. The third paper provides an extension of the model to handle temporal features. The problem of measuring similarity between temporal features was discussed. It is shown how temporal features can be used with point process model to provide for both space-time attributes. The approach is tested using data from Richmond, Virginia. In some cases, the temporal features improved performance, but this was not always the case. A filter that identifies incidents that have low variance in certain temporal features is needed. This paper also provides information on the implementation of the prediction methodology.
  Main Term(s): Crime prediction ; Crime rate studies
  Index Term(s): Estimated crime incidence ; Estimating methods ; Prediction ; Crime prevention measures ; Crime patterns ; Crime analysis
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1998-IJ-CX-K010
  Sale Source: Wyoming Dept of Probation and Parole
Board of Parole
1710 Pacific Avenue
Cheyenne, WY 82001
United States of America

University of Virginia
Dept of Systems and Information Engineering
School of Engineering and Applied Science
151 Engineer's Way
P.O. Box 400747
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4747
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=197634

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