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NCJ Number: 200145 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: One-Year Follow-up of Multisystemic Therapy as an Alternative to the Hospitalization of Youths in Psychiatric Crisis
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:42  Issue:5  Dated:May 2003  Pages:543-551
Author(s): Scott W. Henggeler Ph.D.; Melisa D. Rowland M.D.; Colleen Halliday-Boykins Ph.D.; Ashli J. Sheidow Ph.D.; David M. Ward Ph.D.; Jeff Randall Ph.D.; Susan G. Pickrel M.D.; Phillippe B. Cunningham Ph.D.; James Edwards M.D.
Editor(s): Mina K. Dulcan M.D.
Date Published: May 2003
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: R01MH51852
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined 1-year posttreatment outcomes of multisystemic therapy (MST), a mental health treatment approach and alternative to the hospitalization of youths in psychiatric crisis.
Abstract: The central purpose of this report is to examine the effects of treatment on individual change trajectories for symptoms, family functioning, and out-of-home placements from the time that youths in psychiatric crisis have been approved for emergency psychiatric hospitalization to 16-months later. The study presents findings from a 1-year follow up to a randomized clinical trial comparing multisystemic therapy (MST), regarding youths presenting psychiatric emergencies, with inpatient psychiatric hospitalization. The study consisted of 156 children and adolescents approved for emergency psychiatric hospitalization. This report focuses on key mental health, placement, and school attendance outcomes and the family relations assumed to drive such outcomes. Two sets of symptom-related findings are presented and discussed. First, across treatment conditions and measures, symptoms generally decreased from well above the clinical range to below the clinical range. The second set of findings pertains to differential trajectories of symptom change within the overall pattern of decreasing symptoms. Overall findings show that MST was initially more effective than emergency hospitalization and typical services at decreasing youths’ symptoms and out-of-home placements and increasing school attendance and family structure. In addition, youths with serious emotional disturbance might benefit from continuous access to a continuum of evidence-based practices titrated to clinical need. References
Main Term(s): Emotionally disturbed delinquents
Index Term(s): Emotional disorders; Emotionally disturbed persons; Hospitals; Juvenile mental health services; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Mental disorders; Mental health services; Multiproblem juveniles; Psychiatric services; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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