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NCJ Number: 201183 Find in a Library
Title: Intervening to Prevent Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Scoping Review
Author(s): Patricia Moran; Ann Hagell
Date Published: September 2001
Page Count: 113
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Publication Number: ISBN 1 84082 705 X
Sale Source: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
Information and Publications Group
Room 201
50 Queen Anne's Gate
London, SW1H 9AT,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides a comprehensive review of the literature concerning interventions aimed at adolescents at risk for developing a clinical diagnosis of server antisocial personality disorder in adulthood (ASPD). It considers the definition and measurement of ASPD, risk factors for its development, the timing and nature of interventions, and the evidence in support of various forms of interventions.
Abstract: This report, carried out by the Policy Research Bureau of the Home Office, deals largely with antisocial behavior in adolescence and its potential trajectory into adult antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Adults with ASPD represent a potentially dangerous group, but are few in number. This report reviews the available literature in order to answer the questions: (1) what is antisocial personality disorder; (2) what is known about the developmental pathways and risk factors leading to the disorder; (3) is it possible to identify adolescents at high risk of ASPD in adulthood; (4) what interventions with adolescents are successful in preventing the progression of ASPD in adulthood; and (5) what are the implications of these findings for future research, policy, and service provision? The literature review searched for information regarding risk factors for severe personality disorder and interventions with adolescents. The report is divided into five major areas: (1) definitions in the field of antisocial behavior; (2) the main risk factors identified as predictive of ASPD; (3) considerations in designing and evaluating interventions for high-risk adolescents; (4) identifying high-risk adolescents; and (5) research on interventions with adolescents and their outcomes. A review of the evidence suggests that there is limited knowledge of the risk factors that lead to ASPD and an even more limited knowledge of the best means of identifying high-risk adolescents on a trajectory into ASPD. There are significant gaps in the knowledge concerning interventions that work for adolescents in preventing severe antisocial personality disorder. Much more research needs to be undertaken to establish conclusive evidence of the power of interventions to alter the trajectory of very high-risk groups. References
Main Term(s): Deviance
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Antisocial attitudes; Behavior patterns; Children at risk; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Problem behavior
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