skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 202901 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Efficacy of Treatment Modalities in the Context of Adult Drug Courts, Final Report
Author(s): Donald F. Anspach Ph.D.; Andrew S. Ferguson
Corporate Author: University of Southern Maine
Dept of Sociology
United States of America
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 231
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Southern Maine
Portland, MA 04101-9300
Grant Number: 2000-DC-VX-0008
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

University of Southern Maine
Dept of Sociology
96 Falmouth St
P.O. Box 9300
Portland, MA 04101-9300
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of treatment modalities in adult drug court settings.
Abstract: Drug court models have emerged across the country as the one of the major justice system reforms of the 20th century. Generally, they are thought to reduce recidivism by changing the drug habits of offenders. This research examines treatment services and organizations involved in the drug court model in four jurisdictions across the United States. A total of 2,357 drug court participants were included in the evaluation that used a combination of survey data, interviews, and observations of treatment sessions. Chapter 1 presents an introduction to the study and to the drug court model. Chapter 2 presents the research design and methodology. Site selection is explained and the analysis method of regression analysis is discussed. Chapter 3 offers a comparison of the four drug court programs that were examined. Analysis is provided for their processing of offenders, their sanctions and rewards, and their drug testing protocols. Chapter 4 explores the organization of treatment services within the drug court model. Commonalities and differences in the types of treatment services provided drug court participants are reviewed and an evaluation of their structure, funding, and component services are offered. Chapter 5 provides information about the treatment counselors’ perspectives on the drug treatment services. The analysis reveals a lack of a coherent, consistent approach to responding to clients’ drug abuse problems. Chapter 6 offers an analysis of the direct observations of drug court treatment activities; main findings indicate that a broad range of therapeutic approaches are used, sometimes to the detriment of a specific treatment goal. Chapter 7 discusses the integration of court operations and treatment services, while chapter 8 presents the results of a retrospective study concerning participant characteristics and program fidelity. Chapter 9 offers a cross-site comparison of post-program recidivism rates, while chapter 10 presents the study conclusions. Overall results reveal no theoretical flaws in the drug court model. However, implementation of the drug court model, including both program integrity and actual drug court operations, may be failing to meet client needs. The future success of drug courts rests on their ability to address these issues. Tables, references, appendix
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Criminal justice system analysis; Criminal justice system effectiveness; NIJ grant-related documents; Services effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.