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NCJ Number: NCJ 203715     Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Courts, 1999
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Anne L. Stahl
Corporate Author: National Juvenile Court Data Archive
National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 09/2003
Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This document discusses juvenile delinquency court cases in 1999.
Abstract: Juvenile courts processed an estimated 1,673,000 delinquency cases that involved juveniles charged with criminal law violations. The number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 27 percent between 1990 and 1999. During this time, the number of drug law violation cases increased 169 percent, public order offense cases increased 74 percent, person offense cases increased 55 percent, and property offense cases decreased 9 percent. These estimates are based on data from nearly 2,000 courts with jurisdiction over 70 percent of the United States juvenile population. More than three of every four delinquency cases in 1999 involved a male, a decline from 81 percent in 1990. Between 1990 and 1999, the number of delinquency cases involving females increased 59 percent compared with a 19 percent increase for males. In 1999, 57 percent of the juvenile delinquency cases processed involved a juvenile younger than 16 years old at the time of referral, compared with 60 percent in 1990. In 1999, about 79 percent of the juvenile population in the United States was White, and 15 percent was Black. One of the first decisions made in processing a delinquency case was whether the juvenile should be detained in a secure facility prior to adjudication. After reviewing the case, justice system authorities decide whether to dismiss, informally handle, or formally process the case before a judge. About 17 percent of all delinquency cases in 1999 were dismissed at intake; 26 percent were processed informally; and more than half were processed formally and involved either an adjudicatory hearing or a hearing to consider waiving jurisdiction to the criminal (adult) court. In 1999, juvenile court judges waived 7,500 delinquency cases. In 1999, juveniles were adjudicated delinquent in 66 percent of the 962,000 cases brought before a judge. Once adjudicated, juveniles in 62 percent of the cases were placed on formal probation; in 24 percent of the cases, juveniles were placed in a residential facility.
Main Term(s): Juvenile court statistics ; Juvenile court trends
Index Term(s): Court statistics ; Criminal justice statistics ; Juvenile case records ; Juvenile sentencing ; Juvenile case management ; Minority juvenile offenders
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Publication Number: FS-200302
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Downloaded January 15, 2004.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=203715

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