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NCJ Number: 205465 Find in a Library
Title: Recidivism: An Analysis of Public and Private State Prison Releases in Florida
Author(s): Williams Bales Ph.D.; Laura E. Bedard Ph.D.; Susan T. Quinn M.S.; David Ensley; Glen Holley; Alan Duffee; Stephanie Sanford
Corporate Author: Florida State University
United States of America

Florida Dept of Corrections
United States of America

Florida Correctional Privatization Cmssn
United States of America
Date Published: December 2003
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Correctional Privatization Cmssn
Tallahassee, FL 32399
Florida Dept of Corrections
Tallahassee, FL 32399
Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32304
Sale Source: Florida Correctional Privatization Cmssn
111 West Madison Street
Pepper Building, Suite 680
Tallahassee, FL 32399
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drawing on data from Florida, this study examined whether inmates released from private prisons recidivate less than inmates released from government-operated prisons.
Abstract: Over the past two decades, debates over the use of private versus government-operated prisons have come to the forefront of public policy discussions. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that by the end of 2002, 5.8 percent of State inmates were housed in private prisons in 31 States, representing an increase of 9.1 percent over the past 3 years. Proponents for the use of private prisons site evidence of lower recidivism rates, lower operating costs, and improved quality of service. Following a review of prior studies on recidivism rates of private versus public prisons, the data sources of the current study are explicated and include data extracted from the Florida Department of Corrections’ (FDOC) Offender Based Information System (OBIS). Two recidivism measurements were utilized, re-offense and re-imprisonment, and 17 control variables were employed, all of which met 2 study criteria: (1) factors for which the FDOC had reliable data, and (2) factors identified as significant recidivism predictors by previous studies. Three key limitations of the dataset are discussed, followed by an explanation of the selection of the experimental and control groups; Table 1 offers definitions. The three private prison release cohorts of adult males, adult females, and youthful male offenders are identified and compared to similar release cohorts of public prisons. Results of multivariate statistical analyses indicated no significant differences in recidivism rates were discovered for adult males and youthful male offenders released from private versus public prisons, which is consistent with previous research on Florida offenders. The results of the female adult offenders indicated that 1 of the 12 measures of public versus private prison exposure resulted in a significant reduction in recidivism among this group of offenders. Overall, only 1 in 36 comparisons resulted in a significant finding of lower recidivism rates among inmates released from private versus public prisons. Future analyses should focus on more cases that fit the one comparison that demonstrated a reduction in recidivism for private prisons. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Recidivism statistics
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Florida; Privatization in corrections
Note: Downloaded May 21, 2004.
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