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NCJ Number: NCJ 205791     Find in a Library
Title: Violence Against Women: The Role of Welfare Reform, Summary Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Sandra Naylor Goodwin Ph.D. ; Daniel Chandler Ph.D. ; Joan Meisel Ph.D.
Corporate Author: California Institute for Mental Health
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2003
Page Count: 11
  Annotation: This report presents a summary of a study that examined the prevalence and victim outcomes of domestic violence among welfare-to-work recipients in California.
Abstract: When welfare reform was implemented, Congress included the Family Violence Option that permits States to grant domestic violence exemptions regarding welfare-to-work provisions under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). At least 38 States have enacted such exemptions. The prevalence of domestic violence, mental health problems, and alcohol and other drug problems among welfare recipients have impacted welfare reform efforts. The current study surveyed representative samples of TANF recipients in two California counties beginning in the summer of 1999 and continuing at intervals of 1 year and 15 months. A comprehensive definition of domestic violence was adopted which incorporated the Conflict Tactics Scale. Definitions of mental health and alcohol and other drug problems were defined using the World Health Organization’s CIDI instrument. The four main findings indicate high rates of domestic violence among the welfare reform population. In approximately 15 percent of the cases, severe abuse was reported; over the 3-year study period, a total of 37 percent of the women reported serious domestic violence. Serious mental health problems and/or alcohol or other drug problem co-occurred with domestic violence in a large proportion of the welfare reform population. Domestic violence impairs a woman’s capacity to find employment; at the end of 1 year, 28 percent of women were working at least 26 hours a week if they did not experience domestic violence, while only 12 percent of the women who experienced domestic violence worked. Finally, the presence of domestic violence is associated with deleterious outcomes for children. Policy implications are discussed and include the need for the Federal reauthorization of welfare legislation that would require TANF programs to screen and provide services for applicants experiencing domestic violence, mental health problems, and alcohol or other drug problems. Glossary
Main Term(s): Welfare services ; Filial violence
Index Term(s): Policy analysis ; Domestic assault ; NIJ grant-related documents ; California
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-WT-VX-0009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the Final Project Report of this summary, see NCJ-205792.
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