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NCJ Number: NCJ 206047   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Juvenile Justice Involvement on Educational Outcomes
Author(s): Paul Hirschfield
Date Published: 06/2004
Page Count: 415
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-IJ-CX-0007
Sale Source: Northwestern University
Dept of Sociology
Evanston, IL 60201
United States of America

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Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effect of juvenile justice involvement on subsequent school and educational engagement and performance in a sample of 778 urban youth of color.
Abstract: In recent years, the juvenile justice system has appeared to espouse an agenda of increased punishment and accountability. However, research has suggested that juvenile justice policy remains grounded in a rehabilitative model focused on the placement and reentry of adjudicated youth into educational settings. The current study drew on four theoretical perspectives, labeling theory, defiance theory, criminal embeddedness theory, and institutional exclusion theory, in order to probe the relationship between arrest and subsequent school and educational outcomes among a sample of 778 urban youth of color, all of whom had previously been arrested at least once. The youths were compared on a wide range of theoretically relevant variables including individual delinquency and drug use, family socio-economic status, peer delinquency, family structure, family support, ethnicity, gender, neighborhood poverty, neighborhood crime rate, attitudes toward authority, depression, engagement in school, neighborhood social capital, and free time spent with peers. Results of statistical analyses on the survey data indicated that first arrest had no main effect on reading and math achievement test outcomes for seventh and eighth graders but did increase the likelihood of having to repeat eighth grade. Being arrested during ninth grade significantly increased the risk of dropping out of school and of lowering achievement in attendance and grades. These arrest effects were intensified for youth who spent time in detention or who were arrested multiple times. Results of the interviews suggested that youth whose educational and school performance dropped following an arrest were less likely to have received or taken advantage of family and social support after their arrest. The findings suggest that the experience of arrest and juvenile justice involvement, followed by termination of educational opportunities, is so pervasive in some communities that it has come to be regarded as a transition into adulthood. Figures, tables, appendixes, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile educational background ; Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): School dropouts ; Juvenile arrest trends ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: Abridged version of dissertation submitted on June 12, 2003 to satisfy requirements for the Ph.D. in Sociology at Northwestern University.
   
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