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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 207143   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Women's Labor Force Participation, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Stephanie Riger Ph.D. ; Susan Staggs M.A.
  Corporate Author: University of Illinois at Chicago
Department of Psychology
United States of America
  Date Published: 2004
  Page Count: 134
  Annotation: This study assessed the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on labor force participation of welfare recipients and examined whether change in economic status affects violence levels.
  Abstract: This study, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, is one of the first to provide evidence that recent and chronic intimate partner violence differentially impacts women and that health mediates the relationship between abuse and employment stability over time. Using 3 years of annual survey findings with the same families, the study examined the relationship of domestic violence and employment in the context of welfare reform. Embedded in the Illinois Families Study (IFS), a 6-year longitudinal study of welfare recipients, 1,311 women were selected to participate who had received welfare in Illinois in 1998. Interviews were conducted in waves, first between November 1999 and September 2000 and again in 2001 and in 2002. The response rate increased each time, from 72.4 percent for the first wave to 91 percent for the last wave of interviews. Measures used in the study included: (1) intimate partner violence; (2) income and number of months employed; and (3) health and human capital variables. Findings from the study include: (1) recent violence was linked to unstable employment over a 3-year period; (2) in the first wave of interviews, women who reported that they had been abuse rated their health a year later as poorer and reported a greater need for mental health treatment; and (3) over time, chronic intimate partner violence is associated with poor health, and recent intimate partner violence is associated with unstable employment. The findings suggest that ongoing abuse interferes with women’s ability to sustain employment over time. The effects of abuse on employment are mediated by health problems that women experience. Exhibits
  Main Term(s): Domestic assault
  Index Term(s): Welfare services ; Employee dismissal ; Employment ; Abused women ; Stress management ; Female victims ; Employment-crime relationships ; Dating Violence ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Illinois
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2001-WT-BX-0002
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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