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NCJ Number: NCJ 208710     Find in a Library
Title: Decline of Intimate Partner Homicide
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Editor(s): Dan Tompkins
  Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Issue:252  Dated:July 2005  Pages:33 to 34
Date Published: 07/2005
Page Count: 2
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This article summarizes the final report of a NIJ-funded study of the factors that have contributed to the decline of intimate partner homicide rates since 1976.
Abstract: The study covered the 13 years from 1987 to 2000 and included 58 California counties. In order to better understand any variations in intimate partner homicide based on ethnicity, gender, place, race, and time, the researchers examined these characteristics in county records of domestic-violence arrests, convictions, and incarceration. Victim services were measured by the rate of federally funded shelters found in each county per 100,000 women, by race. Shelters were found to be linked to declines in Hispanic female victimization but not in African-American or White female victimization. Researchers hypothesized that White urban females would use resources other than shelters to protect themselves from domestic violence. African-American women, on the other hand, might use shelters, but shelter protection might not be sufficient in their high-risk circumstances. The increase in shelter resources, however, was associated with a decline in homicides by African-American female domestic-violence victims against their male abusers, suggesting that shelters provided an alternative to homicide as a last resort for escaping intolerable abuse. Researchers did not find a statistically significant relationship between any criminal justice system response and victimization for either gender or any racial or ethnic group, suggesting that increased resource allocation for shelters should have higher priority than more resources for criminal justice system responses to domestic violence.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures ; Shelters for Battered Women ; Domestic assault ; Homicide causes ; Homicide trends ; Family homicide ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 00-WT-VX-0012
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Summary of final report to NIJ, Analysis of Unexamined Issues in the Intimate Partner Homicide Decline: Race, Quality of Victim Services, Offender Accountability, and System Accountability; available from NCJRS, NCJ-196666.
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