skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 208804 Find in a Library
Title: Alternatives to the Secure Detention and Confinement of Juvenile Offenders
Series: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Practices Series
Author(s): James Austin; Kelly Dedel Johnson; Ronald Weitzer
Date Published: September 2005
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-2000-298-BF
Sale Source: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Technical Assistance
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This bulletin presents a model procedure for reducing the number of juvenile offenders in secure detention and confinement, so as to reduce crowding in custodial facilities and improve the effectiveness of juvenile case management.
Abstract: "Secure detention" refers to the holding of youth, upon arrest, in a juvenile detention facility in order to ensure the youth's appearance for all court hearings and to protect the community from future offending. "Secure confinement," on the other hand, involves the placement of adjudicated youth in correctional facilities due to sentencing for periods that range from a few months to several years. Secure-confinement facilities generally have a broader array of resident programs than detention facilities. Alternatives to secure detention and confinement are needed for a number of reasons, two of which are to reduce crowding in such facilities and to improve the effectiveness of juvenile programming in reducing recidivism. This bulletin discusses four approaches for expanding the use of alternatives to secure detention and confinement through systems change: special program initiatives, new legislation that requires changes in current agency practices, administrative reforms, and litigation that addresses violations of juvenile offenders' constitutional rights. The bulletin also discusses objective classification and risk assessment as means for ensuring that case-management decisions carefully measure the risk and needs of each offender, so that placement decisions best meet offender and community needs. Examples of alternatives to secure detention and confinement are also profiled, and features are identified for programs that are most effective in deterring juvenile crime and addressing the root causes of delinquency. Most of these programs do not involve secure custodial settings, but rather work with youth in their communities. 62 references, and appended examples of 8 State assessment and placement systems
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention Decisionmaking
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Effects of juvenile imprisonment; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile detention; Juvenile detention decisionmaking; Juvenile detention reform; Juvenile offender classification
Note: Downloaded September 30, 2005.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.