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NCJ Number: NCJ 208860   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Problem Behaviors in Maltreated Children and Youth: Influential Child, Peer, and Caregiver Characteristics
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Adriana E. Wall
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 162
  Annotation: This dissertation examined problem behaviors in maltreated children and adolescents and explored predictors of changes in their behavior.
Abstract: Problem behaviors examined here include aggression, delinquency, risky sexual practices, substance abuse, and suicidal behaviors. The goal of the research was to expand the knowledge about potential intervention targets and directions for future research. Data were drawn from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), the first national survey of maltreated children and adolescents. Chapters 2 through 4 of the manuscript are written as articles intended for future publications. They examine, in turn, the effect of child welfare services and child and parent characteristics on aggression and changes in maltreated elementary students; predictors of aggressive and delinquent behavior in maltreated adolescents; and risky behavior in maltreated youth over an 18-month period following entry to child welfare services. Chapter 5 presents a summary of the findings and recommendations for future research. All statistical analyses used calculated sample weights in SAS with SUDAAN used to adjust standard errors, account for clustering and stratification in sampling, and to allow for estimates of problem behaviors in the sample of youth. Change over time was addressed with descriptive analyses and repeated measures regression analysis using generalized estimating equations. Results indicated that child characteristics associated with problem behavior included hyperactivity-impulsivity-attention problems, low social skills, and depression. Predictors of problem behaviors in adolescents included the presence of deviant peers, substance abuse, engagement in high-risk sexual behaviors, and experience of harsh discipline. Factors associated with change in problem behaviors were race/ethnicity, new maltreatment report, academic achievement, and cumulative risk. These factors in behavior change varied by gender for adolescents; male behavior change was linked to age and peer rejection, while female behavior change was linked to peer rejection and child welfare services. Future research should focus on risky behavior and number of child welfare placements. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Aggression ; Juvenile Delinquent behavior
Index Term(s): Child abuse ; Child welfare ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1004
Sale Source: University of North Carolina
School of Social Work
223 East Franklin Street
Chapel Hill, NC 29514
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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