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NCJ Number: NCJ 209393  Add to Shoppping Cart  
Title: Mapping Crime: Understanding Hot Spots
Author(s): John E. Eck ; Spencer Chainey ; James G. Cameron ; Michael Leitner ; Ronald E. Wilson
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 08/2005
Page Count: 77
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report assists crime analysts and researchers in law enforcement in the identification and detection of high-crime areas through the use of hot spot analysis techniques and software, and when to use each one.
Abstract: Much of crime mapping is devoted to detecting high-crime density areas known as hot spots. Hot spot analysis assists police in identifying high-crime areas, types of crime being committed, and the best way to respond. Hot spot analysis depends on several factors which vary. These varying factors or elements necessary in analyzing hot spots include: analysis focus, spatial dependence, crime type, time intervals, barriers, output display, and software. In addition, establishing a stronger link between theory and practice will help avoid the arbitrary approaches to hot spot analysis and give an analyst a scientific foundation from which to work. The report is comprised of three main chapters. Chapter 1 is targeted to novices in crime mapping defining crime hot spots; what they are, why they exist, and how to map them. Chapter 2 is more advanced discussing the methods and techniques for understanding crime hot spots. The third chapter is geared to those highly experienced analysts providing spatial analysis tools for identifying hot spots. The report can be used as a companion to a 1999 National Institute of Justice report, entitled Crime Mapping: Principle and Practice. Exhibits, references
Main Term(s): Demographic analysis of crime
Index Term(s): Crime patterns ; Crime analysis ; Investigative techniques
Note: NIJ Special Report.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=209393

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