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NCJ Number: 209483 Find in a Library
Title: Hard Time: Ex-Offenders Returning Home After Prison
Journal: Corrections Today  Volume:67  Issue:2  Dated:April 2005  Pages:66-71,155
Author(s): Joan Petersilia
Date Published: April 2005
Page Count: 7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article attempts to provide corrections professionals with a better understanding of the characteristics of inmates returning to the community, the needs and risks offenders represent, and society’s barriers to reintegration.
Abstract: The United States faces enormous challenges in managing the reintegration of increasing numbers of individuals leaving Federal and State prisons. There is a significant need to develop more effective responses to these challenges. In order to provide these effective and successful responses, corrections professionals must better understand the characteristics of inmates coming home, the needs and risks offenders represent, and society’s legal and practical barriers to reintegration. Several issues are addressed in this article and include: (1) who are those that are coming home; (2) preparing inmates for release; (3) employment and workplace barriers and restrictions; (4) publicly available criminal records; (5) housing and homelessness; and (6) reforming parole and reentry practices, such as reinvest in prison work, education, and substance abuse programs, reinstitute discretionary parole, institute front-load post-prison services 6 months after release, implement a “goal parole” or earned discharge system, and establish procedures so that some ex-offenders can put their criminal offending in the past. 7 Endnotes
Main Term(s): Ex-offenders
Index Term(s): Adjustment to parole; Corrections effectiveness; Deterrence effectiveness; Ex-offender employment; Parole effectiveness; Post-release programs; Recidivism; Rehabilitation; Social reintegration
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