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NCJ Number: NCJ 211201   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Draft Final Technical Report: The Impact of Victim Self-Protection on Rape Completion and Injury
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Gary Kleck ; Jongyeon Tark
Corporate Author: Florida State University
School of Criminology and Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2004
Page Count: 76
  Annotation: This study of the effects of self-protective (SP) resistance by victims of rape attacks found that SP actions significantly reduced the probability of rape completion and did not significantly increase the risk of serious injury.
Abstract: The study analyzed the largest probability sample of sexual assault incidents available, which was derived from the National Crime Victimization Survey for 1992-2002. In order to provide a basis for comparison, assault cases that involved female victims were also analyzed. The final samples consisted of 733 rape attacks, 1,278 sexual assaults, and 12,235 assault incidents that involved female victims. The study methodology sought to remedy weaknesses of prior data and research methodologies, which have included small nonprobability samples, failing to consider the temporal sequence of victim protective actions and injury, lumping various victim protective actions into two or three broad categories, and failing to control for relevant circumstances. Logistic regression analysis in the current study found that most SP actions, both forceful and nonforceful, significantly reduced the risk of rape completion regardless of conditions, such as whether the offender was a sexual intimate, whether the offender was under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, whether there were multiple offenders, and whether the attacks occurred at home or at night. In assault incidents, most SP tactics apparently reduced the risk of injury and serious injury compared to nonresistance. SP actions that significantly reduced the risk of injury included "attacking without a weapon," "threatening without a weapon," "running away/hiding," and "calling the police." The only SP actions that apparently raised the risk of injury were ambiguous and nonforceful tactics such as "stalling/cooperation," and "screaming from pain or fear." Suggestions are offered for future research. 4 tables and 47 references
Main Term(s): Victim reactions to crime
Index Term(s): Assault and battery ; Rape ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Self defense ; Comparative analysis ; Female victims ; Rape prevention programs ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-IJ-CX-0046
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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