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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 211207 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Methods and Motives: Exploring Links Between Transnational Organized Crime & International Terrorism
Author(s): Louise I. Shelley Dr.; John T. Picarelli; Allison Irby; Douglas M. Hart; Patricia A. Craig-Hart; Phil Williams Dr.; Steven Simon; Nabi Abdullaev; Bartosz Stanislawski; Laura Covill
Date Published: June 2005
Page Count: 114
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1019
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Case Study; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a peer-reviewed 18-month study that includes empirical evidence drawn from numerous case studies, this report analyzes the relationship between transnational organized crime and terrorism, with attention to the factors most likely to foster a link between these two networks.
Abstract: The report presents three case studies of regions that are hospitable to transnational crime-terrorism interactions: Chechnya; the Black Sea region; and the tri-border area of Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina. The analysis of links between criminal and terrorist groups in these areas used a military intelligence method called "intelligence preparation of the battlefield," which involves the identification of areas where terrorism and organized crime are most likely to interact. Such areas are expressed not only in geographic terms but also conceptual terms; for example, the analysis identifies the way groups organize themselves, communicate, use technology, deploy their members, and share cultural affinities. Within each of these areas, investigators can identify indicators that suggest whether or not cooperation between specific terrorist and criminal groups are likely to occur. The general principle that previous research in this domain has developed is that terrorist and criminal groups have links via methods but not motives. This report concludes that although the motives of terrorists and organized criminals are most often different, the links that separate such groups are growing increasingly complex, such that the separation of motives is no longer unequivocal. This study identifies an evolutionary pattern whereby the sharing of methods leads to more intimate connections within a short time. Factors that influence this evolution are failed states, war-torn regions, and alliances developed in penal institutions and urban neighborhoods. The central recommendation is to incorporate crime analysis in the intelligence analysis of terrorism. A 14-item bibliography and 160 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; Criminal methods; International terrorism; NIJ grant-related documents; Terrorist tactics; Transnational Crime; Transnational Organized Crime
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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