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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 211471     Find in a Library
  Title: Characteristics of Drivers Stopped by Police, 2002
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): Erica L Smith ; Matthew R Durose
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 06/2006
  Page Count: 12
  Series: BJS Special Reports
  Annotation: This report presents data on the nature and characteristics of drivers stopped by police in 2002.
  Abstract: This report presents data on the nature and characteristics of traffic stops, as collected in the 2002 Police Public Contact Survey, a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. Detailed demographic information is presented on the 16.8 million drivers stopped by police in 2002. The report provides statistics about various outcomes of traffic stops, including searches conducted by police, tickets issued to drivers stopped for speeding, arrests of stopped drivers, and police use of force during a traffic stop. The report also discusses the relevance of the survey findings to the issue of racial profiling and provides comparative analysis with prior survey findings. Highlights of the report include the following: (1) in 2002, an estimated 8.7 percent of drivers age 16 or older were stopped by police, representing nearly 17 million of the 193 million drivers in the United States; (2) among traffic stops of young male drivers in 2002, 11 percent were physically searched or had their vehicle searched by police. Among these young male drivers who were stopped and searched, African-American (22 percent) and Hispanics (17 percent) were searched at higher rates than Whites (8 percent); and (3) White drivers were more likely than both African-American and Hispanic drivers to be stopped by police for speeding. Subsequent to being stopped for speeding, African-Americans (78 percent) and Hispanics (85 percent) were more likely than Whites (70 percent) to receive a ticket. Tables and appendixes A-B
  Main Term(s): Traffic law enforcement
  Index Term(s): Auto related offenses ; Offender statistics ; Minorities ; Traffic offenses ; Police statistics ; Police attitudes ; Police decisionmaking ; Racial discrimination ; Police-offender relations ; Traffic violation warnings ; Offender profiles ; Harassment by police ; Traffic laws
  Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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