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NCJ Number: NCJ 211999     Find in a Library
Title: Validation of a DNA Method for the Individualization of Plant Evidence
Author(s): Heather Miller Coyle ; Gary Shutler ; Lois Tully ; Elaine Pagliaro ; Albert Harper ; Timothy Palmbach ; Henry C. Lee
Date Published: 11/2005
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-IJ-CX-K011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study builds upon previous studies in further defining the appropriate use of the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) for the testing of plant DNA.
Abstract: Previous studies showed that consistency in DNA profiles was obtained from different somatic tissues of a cannabis plant, that the presence of resin on leaf surfaces did not impede polymerase chain reactions (PCR), and that plants suspected of clonal propagation did have identical DNA patterns while unrelated marijuana samples had different patterns. For the current study, materials and methods are described for the reproducibility studies and for discriminating between related plant sample and street seizure samples. Results showed no difference in AFLP profiles between the duplicate samples that were processed by two trained analysts. In addition, a number of students in internship were also trained to perform this DNA testing method; most achieved success in obtaining reproducible results. Factors found to most often contribute to errors were analysts' pipetting skills, attention to protocol details, failure to mix samples prior to PCR amplification, incorrect dilutions of restriction enzymes to the recommended concentrations for AFLP, and computer errors. Appropriate training and prior molecular biology experiences were the most significant factors related to analysts' achieving reproducible DNA patterns. A test case and the enzymatic digestion studies both showed that if the starting DNA for AFLP was badly damaged, some fragments would not amplify by PCR; thus, only DNA that is of sufficient quality should be used for AFLP analysis. Overall, the results from replication and population studies show that the AFLP method is useful for any single source plant sample, since it can be applied to any organism without prior knowledge of the target segments of DNA. 3 figures and 9 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Marijuana ; Plant analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=233466

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