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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 212979 Find in a Library
Title: Appeals from General Civil Trials in 46 Large Counties, 2001-2005
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): Thomas H Cohen Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: June 2006
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents information on general civil cases concluded by bench or jury trial in 2001 that were subsequently appealed to a State's intermediate appellate court or court of last resort.
Abstract: Information presented includes the flow of civil cases through the appeals process and the effect of appeals on trial court outcomes. The report describes the types of civil bench and jury trials appealed, the characteristics of litigants filing an appeal, the frequency in which appellate courts affirm, reverse, or modify trial court outcomes, and the percentage of appeals that produced a published opinion. Cases further appealed from an intermediate appellate court to a State court of last resort and the impact of that final level of appeal on litigation outcomes are also described. This report is part of a series examining civil litigation in the United States. Highlights include the following: Among tort trial cases concluded in 2001, litigants filed appeals in approximately 33 percent of product liability and 18 percent of medical malpractice trials; 43 percent of civil appeals were dismissed or withdrawn prior to disposition; and trial court verdicts or judgments that found for plaintiffs were reversed or modified on appeal at higher rates compared to trial court outcomes favoring defendants. 14 tables, Appendix A-F
Main Term(s): Court statistics
Index Term(s): Appellate court decisions; Appellate courts; Civil litigation; Civil proceedings; Intermediate appellate courts; State courts; State supreme courts
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