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NCJ Number: NCJ 213714   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Smoothing the Path from Prison to Home
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Brenner Brown ; Robin Campbell ; James A. Wilson ; Yury Cheryachukin ; Robert C. Davis ; Jean Dauphinee ; Robert Hope ; Kajal Gehi
  Editor(s): Brenner Brown ; Robin Campbell
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2005
Page Count: 168
  Annotation: This report presents highlights from a roundtable discussion with expert researchers and practitioners to examine the negative evaluation outcome results among participants of Project Greenlight, a prison-based reentry demonstration project conducted at the Queensboro Correctional Facility in New York by the Vera Institute of Justice from 2002 to 2003.
Abstract: Several possible programmatic explanations were identified as to why an evaluation of Project Greenlight, a prison-based reentry project at the Queensboro Correctional Facility in New York, resulted in participants’ recidivating at higher rates than a comparison group after 1-year post-release. The possible explanations consisted of program design and implementation and the impact of the program on parolee expectations. However, there was not enough information to explain the results definitively. Caution was raised into the desirability of intensive short-term reentry programming. As a result of this evaluative outcome and to better understand the results, a roundtable of expert researchers and practitioners was convened by the Vera Institute of Justice, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice to determine why the program produced such negative and unanticipated results. Three significant concerns were identified, via the roundtable discussion as having factored into the Greenlight participants’ higher rate of re-arrest: the program’s design and implementation may have lacked sufficient cultural sensitivity, especially in terms of race; Greenlight participants may have perceived some injustice in being assigned to the program, leading to low levels of commitment; and participants’ heightened expectations may have been unmet upon release, thereby leading to unanticipated negative outcome behaviors. Several lessons were identified by the roundtable participants that included: (1) best practices should be adapted to be culturally competent and race-specific; (2) prerelease programs require more than 2 months time; (3) participants need continuous support and some single institution must be accountable for the transition process; (4) community-based service providers must be reliably able to meet released individuals’ basic needs; and (5) there is a continuing need for research to better understand what works. Appendixes A-D
Main Term(s): Post-release programs
Index Term(s): Recidivism ; Ex-offenders ; Social reintegration ; Corrections effectiveness ; Parole effectiveness ; Adjustment to parole ; Inmate release plans ; Treatment effectiveness ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents ; New York
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-RT-BX-1001
Sale Source: Vera Institute of Justice
233 Broadway, 12th Floor
New York, NY 10279
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: This NIJ Final Report is composed of two documents: 1. Roundtable Discussion on the Lessons of Project Greenlight and 2. Smoothing the Path from Prison to Home: An Evaluation of the Project Greenlight Transitional Services Demonstration Program.
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