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NCJ Number: 214474 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Theory: Toward Legitimacy and an Infrastructure
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:23  Issue:2  Dated:June 2006  Pages:167-185
Author(s): Peter B. Kraska
Date Published: June 2006
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Eastern Kentucky Justice & Safety Ctr
Richmond, KY 40475-3102
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explores the reasons why the field of criminal justice/criminology has failed to recognize the importance of developing an accessible and recognized theoretical infrastructure about criminal justice and crime control occurrence.
Abstract: It has been taken for granted that the central object of theorizing in crime and justice studies is crime. Reorienting the field to pursue criminal justice theory is necessary. A criminal justice theoretical infrastructure emphasizing academic credibility, quality research, informed practices, and sound pedagogy is of essential importance. A criminal justice theoretical infrastructure would involve a well-organized and usable collection of explanatory frameworks targeted at making theoretical sense of criminal justice and crime control phenomena. With this theoretical infrastructure, “criminal justice” would range from explaining individual practitioner decisionmaking to the exponential growth in power and size of criminal justice equipment over the last 30 years. This article’s goal is to start the process of reorienting the discipline to approach the study of criminal justice/crime control as a legitimate and essential object of theorizing in and of itself. Crime and criminal justice would be treated as dual objects of study, as opposed to approaching criminal justice phenomena as the simple outcome or effect of crime. References
Main Term(s): Criminal justice research
Index Term(s): Criminology; Research and development; Research methods
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