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NCJ Number: NCJ 214790     Find in a Library
Title: Estimated Costs Related to the Birth of a Drug and/or Alcohol Exposed Baby
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Christopher J. Kalotra
Corporate Author: American University
Drug Court Clearinghouse & Technical Assistance Project
United States of America
Date Published: 03/2002
Page Count: 15
  Annotation: This report presents a summary of data on estimated reported costs associated with caring for babies prenatally exposed to drugs or alcohol.
Abstract: The total lifetime costs for caring for those children that survive prenatal exposure to drugs or alcohol reportedly ranges from $750,000 to $1.4 million. The total national direst cost related to prenatal exposure to illegal drugs was $387 million in 1991. National Medicaid costs were reported at $3 billion in 1996. The national cost of special education needs of children prenatally exposed to cocaine or crack was estimated at $352 million annually in 1998. The estimated national cost of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) was reportedly $2.1 billion in 1990. National estimated treatment costs for infants, children, and adults with FAS was $1.9 billion in 1992. National first year health costs for babies with low birth weight attributed to mothers’ smoking during pregnancy was $1 billion to $1.5 billion. The data presented in this report, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Courts Program Office reflects reported costs associated with caring for children that were prenatally exposed to drugs or alcohol. The data is broken down by type of cost, charted in the following categories: (1) hospital/medical costs for drug exposed babies; (2) costs related to cocaine/crack exposed babies; (3) costs associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS); (4) costs associated with opiate-exposed babies; (5) costs associated with babies exposed to tobacco smoking; (6) in-hospital housing costs for drug exposed babies; and (7) outside (foster/nursery) care costs for drug exposed babies.
Main Term(s): Pregnant drug abusers
Index Term(s): Cost analysis ; Economic analysis ; Children at risk ; Children with AIDS/HIV ; Fetal alcohol syndrome ; Children of alcoholics ; Special needs children ; Crack babies
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Progams
Drug Court Programs Office
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-NU-VX-K018
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

American University
Drug Court Clearinghouse & Technical Assistance Project
4400 Masachusetts Avenue NW
Brandywine Suite 660
Washington, DC 20016
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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