skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 215774   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Sexual Violence in the Texas Prison System
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): James Austin ; Tony Fabelo ; Angela Gunter ; Ken McGinnis
  Corporate Author: JFA Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 03/2006
  Page Count: 75
  Annotation: This examination of nearly 2,000 officially reported sexual assaults in Texas prisons between 2002 and 2005 describes victim and offender characteristics; the time and location of the assaults; and the influence of the prison environment on the prevalence and nature of prison violence.
  Abstract: Many of the inmates' allegations of sexual assault were not reported in a timely manner and had no independent witnesses to the alleged assault. These are major problems in attempting to sustain an allegation. Approximately two-thirds of reported sexual assaults allegedly occurred in a cell, followed by the shower or bathroom area, dorms, and common areas; 75 percent of sustained assaults occurred in cells. Just over 50 percent of the sustained assaults yielded forensic evidence obtained from a rape kit or a forensic exam; however, rape kits and forensic exams were performed in only 20 percent of all alleged sexual assaults. Time delays prevented the obtaining of such evidence in most cases. The small percentage of victims and assailants (approximately 2 percent) prevented the development of a statistical profile of potential victims and offenders; however, White inmates were attacked more often than inmates of any other race (60 percent), and 68 percent of the sustained incidents involved Black offenders, followed by 19 percent Hispanic offenders and 12 percent White offenders. Victims were generally younger than the offenders. Offenders were more likely to have been convicted of violent offenses, and victims were more likely to have been convicted of a sexual assault or a nonviolent sex offense. Recommendations are offered for ways to prevent and facilitate the prompt reporting of inmate sexual assaults. Attention is given to the production and dissemination of empirical research on the characteristics of incidents of sexual assault, screening methods that can better identify inmates likely to become involved in sexual assaults, and administrative and management methods that can prevent inmate sexual assaults. 27 tables and a Sexual Assault Victim/Assailant Profile Checklist
  Main Term(s): Corrections policies
  Index Term(s): Violent inmates ; Victimization in prisons ; Prisoner sexual assault ; Prison management ; Victim profiles ; Sex offender profiles ; Inmate victims ; NIJ final report ; Texas
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2004-RP-BX-0003
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.