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NCJ Number: 216303 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Role of Neuropsychological Functioning in Inmates' Treatment Response
Author(s): Diana Fishbein; Monica Sheppard
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 104
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2002-MU-BX-0013
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents results from an examination of the fundamental differences in the executive cognitive functions (ECF) and emotional perception and regulation between inmates who respond favorably to standard correctional treatments and those who respond poorly.
Abstract: The findings indicated that inmates with ECF, in particular impulsivity, were less likely to respond to standard correctional treatment favorably, were more likely to drop out of treatment, and were more disruptive during treatment. The results thus supported the main hypothesis that performance deficits in ECF tasks and emotional responses would characterize disruptive inmates and predict their treatment response. Other factors that predicted treatment outcomes of ECF inmates included history of physical abuse, age of inmate, and the experience of psychological problems within the past 30 days. Factors unrelated to treatment outcomes for ECF inmates included IQ and prior drug use. The authors suggest that ECF inmates may be better treated with a targeted, neurocognitive-based treatment strategy to reduce violence among prison inmates. Treatments for ECF inmates should also include delayed reinforcement exercises, speech and language therapy, problem solving training, stress management, and social skills training. A series of assessments are recommended, such as assessments of inmates’ neuropsychological function and IQ, their executive cognitive functioning, their emotional regulation and perception, and their drug abuse history. The authors explain that impairments in higher order cognitive skills, which are executive cognitive functions (ECF) and emotional regulation, are believed to significantly effect violence and psychopathy in individuals. Participants were a voluntary sample of approximately 224 male inmates who were recruited for the study during their intake into the cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program in the Roxbury (RCI) and the Western Correctional Institutions (WCI) and the Maryland Correctional Training Center (MCTC). Participants completed baseline testing of several complementary dimensions of ECF and the conditions that influence it. Data were also gathered on IQ, stress, general neuropsychology, prior drug use, and child and family background. Data analysis involved the use of correlation matrix and linear regression models. Tables, figures, references, appendixes
Main Term(s): Psychopaths; Treatment effectiveness
Index Term(s): Cognitive therapy; Inmate treatment; NIJ grant-related documents; Psychological research
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