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NCJ Number: NCJ 218585     Find in a Library
Title: Police Innovation and Crime Prevention: Lessons Learned From Police Research Over the Past 20 Years
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Anthony A. Braga Ph.D. ; David L. Weisburd
Date Published: 11/2006
Page Count: 32
  Annotation: This draft report reviews policing innovations over the last two decades and what research has shown regarding the effectiveness of such innovations.
Abstract: A new wave of strategic police innovation is not expected in the near future. Future innovation will be incremental in nature. The conditions in the 1980s and 1990s that created the pressure for innovation no longer exist. While the available research evidence is not as strong as some believe, there is a general sense that these police innovations work in preventing crime and satisfying community concerns as reinforced by the research evidence described in this report. Even though innovative changes to policing appear positive and have shown crime control and community benefits, this review reveals the need for greater research and knowledge about the effects of these innovations on police departments and the communities they serve. In responding to rising crime rates and growing public dissatisfaction, police departments have been improving their performance and developing strategic innovations. These innovations include community policing, “broken windows” policing, problem-oriented policing, “pulling levers” policing, third-party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat, and evidence-based policing. The available evidence on key dimensions of police performance associated with these eight innovations, such as crime control and effectiveness and community satisfaction with services is limited. Utilizing research, this draft report describes the form and character of each of these recent police innovations, categorizes them based on research, examines their crime and disorder effectiveness, examines community reaction to innovative police strategies, and examines police reaction to these innovative strategies. References, figure
Main Term(s): Policing innovation
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Research and development ; Police reform ; Literature reviews ; Future of policing ; Community policing ; Problem-Oriented Policing ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: This paper was presented at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Policing Research Workshop: Planning for the Future, Washington, DC, November 28-29, 2006.
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