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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 220772     Find in a Library
  Title: Anticipating and Combating Ukrainian Organized Crime
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Dr. Phil Williams ; John T. Picarelli
  Date Published: 2007
  Page Count: 6
  Annotation: This federally supported research paper provides a brief introduction to the primary conclusions and recommendations on transnational organized crime in Ukraine and the prevention of transnational organized crime in Ukraine.
  Abstract: Findings indicate that: (1) within the state of Ukraine, organized crime operates in different ways depending on the geographical context; (2) it is clear that different types of organized criminal entities operate within Ukraine; (3) it is clear that while some transnational criminal organizations operate in and through Ukraine, the country itself is also the base from which Ukrainian criminal organizations operate across a variety of national borders; (4) the other important characteristic of organized crime in Ukraine is that it involves what has been termed the political-criminal nexus; and (5) there is the issue of empirical measurements of Ukrainian organized crime. It remains difficult to determine unequivocally whether organized crime in Ukraine is an increasingly important problem or is being contained and becoming a smaller, more modest challenge. Ukraine’s criminal justice response to organized crime remains embedded in its Soviet past, with the Soviet period heavily influencing many of Ukraine’s legislation and criminal justice structures. From the findings and response, several recommendations were identified and included: (1) the need for an overall strategy for fighting organized crime with clear objectives and a comprehensive approach; (2) environmental modification through regulatory approaches; (3) the development of partnerships between government and law enforcement and the private sector; (4) the need to incorporate a capacity for learning about what works; (5) targeting the political-criminal nexus in all its manifestations; (6) the privatization of major Ukrainian economic sectors; and (7) the development of an effective intelligence system. This paper provides a brief introduction to the primary conclusions of this research program which set out to identify the types and severity of transnational organized crime in Ukraine, to delineate the response of the Ukrainian Government, and to develop a set of recommendations for strengthening the efforts to combat organized crime in Ukraine.
  Main Term(s): Organized crime
  Index Term(s): Organized crime intelligence ; Organized crime prevention ; Organized crime control units ; Crime prevention measures ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Ukraine
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-006
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Downloaded on December 3, 2007
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=242601

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