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NCJ Number: NCJ 221080   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Strengthening and Rebuilding Tribal Justice Systems: A Participatory Outcomes Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Justice Comprehensive Indian Resources for Community and Law Enforcement (CIRCLE) Project, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Stewart Wakeling ; Miriam Jorgensen
Date Published: 09/2007
Page Count: 80
  Annotation: This report provides an overview of the outcomes of the federally funded Comprehensive Indian Resources for Community and Law Enforcement (CIRCLE) project of fiscal years 2002 and 2003.
Abstract: Key findings show that in the right circumstances, investments in improving criminal justice system functioning can help Native nations address pressing crime problems; that where circumstances are not yet right for the system’s reform to have an effect, there may be opportunities for targeted change to improve institution performance, promote safety, address crime, and potentially lay the groundwork for later, more comprehensive reform; and that sustainability was a formidable challenge at every site, but without sustainability, short-term investments might amount to little more than short-term job programs. Of the three Native nations evaluated, the Oglala Sioux, the Northern Cheyenne Tribe, and the Pueblo of Zuni, the outcome of reduction in near-term crime was most evident in the Pueblo of Zuni. Key components for the Pueblo of Zuni were operational, such as increased police department size and training, new youth development programs, and measures to respond to family violence. The outcomes included reduction in alcohol-related crime, and an overall drop in arrests for simple assault, aggravated assault, and assaults by juveniles. However, the data on arrests for domestic violence showed an increase. The evidence of CIRCLE’s success for the Oglala Sioux and Northern Cheyenne nations was less prominent. For these Native nations, the CIRCLE project, and particularly the evaluation component, generated concrete ideas about how best to proceed against short-term criminal justice concerns with the goal of creating opportunities and political will for long-term system change. These ideas are methodological and programmatic, as they suggest new ways of collecting data and new ways of using resulting information to address pressing local crime problems. Guidelines are provided to help Native nations craft viable, local-evidence-based action agendas and provide best practices for both community change initiatives and indigenous community development. Guidelines for collecting and analyzing data in other tribal settings are discussed. Tables, references, appendix
Main Term(s): Indian justice ; Tribal community relations ; American Indians
Index Term(s): Criminal justice evaluation ; Criminal justice program evaluation ; Criminal justice projects ; Criminal justice system coordination
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-MU-MU-0015
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-210893 and 210892 for the final report and executive summary for the first phase of this project.
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