skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222033 Find in a Library
Title: Trauma Resilience Among Youth in Substitute Care Demonstrating Sexual Behavior Problems
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:32  Issue:1  Dated:January 2008  Pages:67-81
Author(s): Scott C. Leon; Brian Ragsdale; Steven A. Miller; Steven Spacarelli
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between several proposed protective factors and trauma symptoms among highly vulnerable youth in the child welfare system.
Abstract: This study found that highly vulnerable youth can still be affected by variables such as positive parenting practices and the presence of a supportive child welfare agency. Emotional and interpersonal competence also exists in this population and may play a role in lessening future levels of trauma symptoms. It is recommended that future research should use a more sophisticated research design to explore the moderating role of extra-curricular activities such as club involvement. Additional research should also explore the variations in resilience patterns among unique demographic and clinical populations of at-risk youth. Participants included youth and foster parents who participated in a two wave longitudinal study of children identified with sexual behavioral problems living in Cook County, IL, and under the custody of the State’s child welfare system (Department of Children and Family Services-DCFS). The sample consisted of 142 youth; 27 percent were females and the mean age was 13.2 years, 88 percent were African-American. The youth provided self-reports of their sexual and physical abuse experiences, trauma symptoms, and ratings of parenting practices in both time 1 and time 2 data, caregivers also completed surveys. The data was collected between 3 and 12 months from the time of screening and the time 2 data were collected on average 1.5 years after time 1 data. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Sexual behavior
Index Term(s): Child welfare; Foster homes; Foster parents; Illinois; Sexual assault trauma
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.